Smaller Zones for Individual Uses

Specialized zones for specific land uses can help bolster transit use and value in certain cases, such as for educational campuses, healthcare facilities, municipal functions, and even industrial sites. Although the operating characteristics of these uses may necessitate their separation from residential areas, they often occupy sites with enough land (typically 10 to 75 acres) to create buffers that are still comfortably navigable for walkers and wheelers in adjacent neighborhoods.
  • Bring compatible uses within walking distance of each other by identifying and reducing inappropriately large single-use commercial, office, or industrial zones.
  • Residential areas may also be reduced to attract neighborhood-serving commercial or office uses within walking distance of homes.
  • Site larger compatible single-use areas within a district at site corners so that they are publicly visible, proximate to other uses, and more conveniently accessible.
  • Site potentially incompatible uses centrally on their parcels, ringed by attractive and safe buffering space with pedestrian-scale amenities, such as well-lit public open spaces and landscaped plazas.
Design Guidelines
Policy & Implementation
The Role of Local Government & Transit First Policies
Guiding Principles of Land Use
Flexible Zoning Strategies
Street Design Implementation
Revising Transportation Analysis Practices
Transportation Demand Management
Rethinking Vehicle Parking Requirements
Parking Management
Best Practices to Attract Successful Developers
Clarifying Design Expectations
Integrating Retail into Transit Oriented Development
Community Planning for Rail Transit
Additional Resources
A photo of a commercial center with people walking.
Paseo de San Antonio, San José, CA. (Source: Flickr - Sergio Ruiz)