Flexibility in Retail Uses

Provide flexibility to allow for other types of uses that encourage pedestrian activity without relying solely on retail.


Adjust zoning regulations to allow different nonretail uses (such as co-workspaces, daycare centers, small offices, service-oriented businesses, fitness facilities, restaurants) in ground-floor spaces.

  • Establish a flexible retail ordinance to allow and streamline the process for different types of businesses to occupy the same ground-floor space, including pop-up shops.
  • Reduce or eliminate requirements for ground-floor retail in new multistory developments to avoid generating an oversupply of retail.
Design Guidelines
Policy & Implementation
The Role of Local Government & Transit First Policies
Guiding Principles of Land Use
Flexible Zoning Strategies
Street Design Implementation
Revising Transportation Analysis Practices
Transportation Demand Management
Rethinking Vehicle Parking Requirements
Parking Management
Best Practices to Attract Successful Developers
Clarifying Design Expectations
Integrating Retail into Transit Oriented Development
Community Planning for Rail Transit
Additional Resources
Photo of people sitting outside restaurants under trees with people walking by
San Pedro Street Restaurants, San José, CA (Source: Flickr - Sergio Ruiz)