Ground Floor Activation

Activate ground floor uses to promote walkability and sociability around transit stations by creating an interesting and inviting pedestrian environment. Enhance neighborhood safety and security by encouraging “eyes on the street.”


To activate the street and provide an inviting pedestrian experience:

  • Designate locations within the station area where ground floor activation is required, either continuously or as a percentage of a building’s primary street frontage.
  • Partner with public entities and community organizations to develop a shared vision for how the retail environment can create value and desired public amenities for commercial tenants and neighbors.
  • Site and program public gathering areas near retail to allow spaces for neighborhood events and festivals such as farmers markets, art/food festivals, and cultural events.
Design Guidelines
Policy & Implementation
The Role of Local Government & Transit First Policies
Guiding Principles of Land Use
Flexible Zoning Strategies
Street Design Implementation
Revising Transportation Analysis Practices
Transportation Demand Management
Rethinking Vehicle Parking Requirements
Parking Management
Best Practices to Attract Successful Developers
Clarifying Design Expectations
Integrating Retail into Transit Oriented Development
Community Planning for Rail Transit
Additional Resources
Photo of people sitting outside restaurants on benches and at tables under trees and umbrellas
Murphy Avenue near Sunnyvale Caltrain Station, Sunnyvale CA (Source: Flickr - Sergio Ruiz)