Rethinking Vehicle Parking Requirements - Home Page

Photo of a parking lot with several parked cars and trees in the background on a sunny day

Rethinking Parking Requirements: There are new ways to consider how much vehicle parking a city, development, or region should have. Many parking zoning codes err on the side of caution to accommodate vehicles, leaving commercial areas fragmented while creating little opportunity for other modes of transportation to be viable alternatives.

Parking requirements can be adjusted to support a combination of vehicle use and human-scaled development. If implemented correctly, parking can complement rather than detract from a community’s vitality and quality of life.

Design Guidelines
Policy & Implementation
The Role of Local Government & Transit First Policies
Guiding Principles of Land Use
Flexible Zoning Strategies
Street Design Implementation
Revising Transportation Analysis Practices
Transportation Demand Management
Rethinking Vehicle Parking Requirements
Parking Management
Best Practices to Attract Successful Developers
Clarifying Design Expectations
Integrating Retail into Transit Oriented Development
Community Planning for Rail Transit
Additional Resources

Flexible Vehicle Parking Standards

Parking standards and regulations should allow for flexibility in parking minimums and/or maximums, shared parking, and the location of parking facilities.

In-Lieu Fees

Implement in-lieu fees for developers and building owners in a defined area as an alternative to meeting requirements for individual private off-street parking.

“Unbundle” Parking Costs

Unbundle parking to sell or rent parking spaces separate from building costs. Unbundling parking costs allows occupants that do not have a vehicle to pay less than someone who does.

Bicycle and Micromobility Device Parking Policy

Provide bicycle and micromobility device parking supply to promote sustainable transportation and reduce vehicle parking footprint.

On-Street Parking Policy

Implement advancements in on-street parking technology to minimize circling, and to provide greater flexibility for inventory while increasing revenue.

Loading Zones

Manage, expand, and diversify loading zones to promote efficient use of curb space to accommodate expanding demand in a post-pandemic environment.

Case Studies

  • Austin, Texas, USA - Downtown

  • City of Berkeley, California, USA - Reforming Parking Policies to Support Smart Growth
  • San José, California, USA - Parking Strategies