Case Studies (Revising Transportation Analysis Practices)

San José, CA, USA - Transportation Analysis Policy Change

In February 2018, the City of San José became the first city in Santa Clara County and one of the first cities in the State of California to adopt a transportation analysis policy that shifts from the use of LOS to VMT in CEQA analysis in accordance with SB 743. In addition to establishing VMT screening policies and VMT thresholds, the City’s new Transportation Analysis Policy also established a policy for Local Transportation Analysis (LTA) to be conducted outside of CEQA. The City’s new LTA practices de-emphasize LOS analysis of development projects, scaling back the number of locations where LOS analysis is conducted, and emphasizing localized operations, safety, and multimodal analysis instead.

Design Guidelines
Policy & Implementation
The Role of Local Government & Transit First Policies
Guiding Principles of Land Use
Flexible Zoning Strategies
Street Design Implementation
Revising Transportation Analysis Practices
Transportation Demand Management
Rethinking Vehicle Parking Requirements
Parking Management
Best Practices to Attract Successful Developers
Clarifying Design Expectations
Integrating Retail into Transit Oriented Development
Community Planning for Rail Transit
Additional Resources
Graphic of the cover of the San José Transportation Analysis Handbook with a dark blue background, the city logo, and several photos of people walking, biking, or taking transit
City of San José Transportation Analysis Handbook, which accompanies the city's Transportation Analysis Policy (Source: City of San José)

Fort Collins, CO, USA - Multimodal Level of Service Standards

The City of Fort Collins was one of the first cities to adopt Multimodal Level of Service (MMLOS) standards to evaluate how projects serve pedestrians, bicyclists, transit riders and vehicles, in the late 1990s. Consistent use and implementation of MMLOS practices helped to achieve multimodal goals and objectives, meet community needs, and provide transparency for developers and the public. In the latest Fort Collins City Plan (April 2019), the City has indicated that it intends to move away from MMLOS standards to a guideline-based system to inform City planning efforts, capital projects and the development review process. One of the key objectives in updating these standards is to streamline the development review process, providing clarity for both developers and City staff.

Photo of a roadway with hundreds of people walking or riding bicycles while wearing helmets with a food truck and tents in the background
City of Fort Collins City Plan (Source: City of Fort Collins)

Pasadena, CA, USA - Traffic Reduction and Transportation Improvement Fee

The City of Pasadena adopted a transportation impact fee in November 2006, which was re-adopted in July 2017 as the “Traffic Reduction and Transportation Improvement Fee.” Funds collected are used to implement the municipal transportation projects required to address traffic generated by new development; improve the infrastructure for pedestrians and bicyclists; and increase frequency of service on the Pasadena Transit System. The transportation projects were identified in the General Plan Mobility Element, the City’s Capital Improvement Program and the City’s Transit Master Plan. The Fee was calculated by dividing the cost of the transportation improvements needed to mitigate the significant impacts of new development by the number of VMT from net new development.

Graphic of an artists rendering of a redesigned roadway with a two-way separated bikeway on the left side and two-lane roadway on the right with buildings on either side and people walking and biking
City of Pasadena Traffic Reduction and Transportation Improvement Fees are used to implement multimodal improvements (Source: City of Pasadena)