Consider Broader Mitigation Frameworks

In lieu of requiring project-specific mitigation measures or improvements, agencies can also consider mitigation frameworks that work on a broader scale such as citywide or area-wide impact fees.


Base fees on land use type or size or tie fees to the vehicle miles traveled (VMT) generation of the land use. Use collected fees to pay for multimodal transportation improvements, prioritized through a community planning process that matches improvements to community needs.

  • Jurisdictions can choose to build discounts into the fee structure for projects located in community cores or high-transit areas and incorporate best practices into site and building design.
  • Jurisdictions and VTA can collaborate on multi-jurisdictional or countywide improvements along major arterials or transit priority corridors.
  • Agencies can study the feasibility of a VMT exchange or bank, in which developers can implement or contribute funds to VMT-reducing projects which are cross-jurisdictional or larger than a single development project can implement.
Design Guidelines
Policy & Implementation
The Role of Local Government & Transit First Policies
Guiding Principles of Land Use
Flexible Zoning Strategies
Street Design Implementation
Revising Transportation Analysis Practices
Transportation Demand Management
Rethinking Vehicle Parking Requirements
Parking Management
Best Practices to Attract Successful Developers
Clarifying Design Expectations
Integrating Retail into Transit Oriented Development
Community Planning for Rail Transit
Additional Resources
Graphic of a bus approaching a signalized intersection and the bus is able to use an optical emitter to call to the optimal detector to request priority at the signal
Examples of items that could be funded with a broader mitigation framework - Transit Signal Priority










Graphic showing an artists rendering of a reconstructed intersection with landscaping on all four corners, short pedestrian crossing distances, separated bikeways, and cars and buses traveling
Example of items that could be funded with a broader mitigation framework - Complete Streets Improvements