Mixed Use Street

Mixed-use streets are in high-intensity, mixed-use commercial, retail, and residential areas. The high density and proximity of land uses produces substantial transit, pedestrian, and bicycle travel as well as render the street a gathering place for people and community activity. Priority is placed on the quality of the pedestrian environment over vehicle capacity. Design elements which slow vehicles and encourage bicycling, walking, and transit ridership can be employed to accomplish this support.
Design Guidelines
Policy & Implementation
The Role of Local Government & Transit First Policies
Guiding Principles of Land Use
Flexible Zoning Strategies
Street Design Implementation
Revising Transportation Analysis Practices
Transportation Demand Management
Rethinking Vehicle Parking Requirements
Parking Management
Best Practices to Attract Successful Developers
Clarifying Design Expectations
Integrating Retail into Transit Oriented Development
Community Planning for Rail Transit
Additional Resources
Diagram of a mixed use city street, showing wide sidewalks, transit amenities, bike lanes, short crossings, street trees.
Mixed Use Street

Higher priority design elements and traffic management features on mixed-use streets support a thriving pedestrian environment.

  • Provide wide sidewalks zones.
  • Provide high-amenity transit facilities.
  • Provide bikeways such as bike lanes.
  • Provide vegetation for shade, aesthetics, and traffic calming. Street trees and planting strips are encouraged.
  • Consider alternative paving materials for aesthetics, wayfinding and to clearly distinguish pedestrian areas from vehicular areas.
  • Provide on-street parking for convenient access to businesses and as a buffer to pedestrians.
  • Provide streetscape amenities such as lighting, benches, trash receptacles and bike racks.
  • Design streets and intersections supportive of multimodal transportation.
  • Consider curb extensions to shorten crossings and increase sidewalk widths.
  • Prioritize transit operations.
Diagram of a mixed use street highlighting high-priority design elements:vegetation, streetscape amenities, curb extensions, on-street parking, transit infrastructure, wide sidewalks, bike lanes, multimodal intersections.
High-Priority Elements of a Mixed Use Street
Photo of a city street with street trees, mixed use buildings, a pedestrian crossing the crosswalk.
Clay Street, Oakland, CA (Source: Flickr - Sergio Ruiz)

Lower-priority design elements and traffic management features on mixed use streets support efficient and vehicular movement while still supporting a thriving pedestrian environment.

  • Right-size the number and width of travel lanes for traffic speeds, volumes, and vehicle sizes. Provide narrower travel lanes where feasible.
  • Implement traffic circles and roundabouts at intersections.
  • Accommodate large vehicles.
  • Provide medians to narrow crossings, provide pedestrian refuge, slow traffic and/or provide vegetation.
  • Manage access.
  • Consider mid-block crosswalks for large blocks.
Diagram of a mixed use street highlighting lower-priority design elements: consolidated parking, right-sized travel lanes, pedestrian refuge.
Lower Priority Elements of a Mixed Use Street


Photo of a small mixed use street lined by shops with residences above, street trees, wide sidewalks, pedestrians crossing.
Mixed Use Street (Source: Flickr - Brett VA)
Photo of a pedestrian crossing a multi use street supported by a high-visibility crosswalk and flashing beacon.
The Alameda, San José, CA