Design for active transportation and transit to be the easiest choices to support a pedestrian-oriented urban realm near transit.


Integrate transit into the center of the community rather than the periphery.

Design Guidelines
Policy & Implementation
The Role of Local Government & Transit First Policies
Guiding Principles of Land Use
Flexible Zoning Strategies
Street Design Implementation
Revising Transportation Analysis Practices
Transportation Demand Management
Rethinking Vehicle Parking Requirements
Parking Management
Best Practices to Attract Successful Developers
Clarifying Design Expectations
Integrating Retail into Transit Oriented Development
Community Planning for Rail Transit
Additional Resources
A graphic showing a transit stop near bike share, bike lanes, and car share.
Multi-Modal Streets

Provide secure and convenient cycling and micro-mobility amenities including, but not limited to, bike racks, bike lockers, and bike and scooter share to encourage multi-modal transportation.

  • Locate bicycle and car-share parking for easy access to the street, to prioritize connections between first-and-last-mile solutions and transit.
A photo of a bikeshare with 15+ bikes next to an apartment building.
Bike Share - Foundry Commons, San José, CA
A photo of a bike share and bike storage on a sidewalk with people walking.
Cycling Amenities - Frank Ogawa Plaza, Oakland, CA (Source: Flickr - Sergio Ruiz)

A photo of a bike rack with two bikes on a sidewalk.
Bike Racks in the Sidewalk Furniture Zone

Plan for adaptation to emerging mobility services and modes, such as autonomous vehicles and on-demand transit.

  • On Demand Transit helps people plan in advance and connect to transit, making it easier for people to choose transit over single occupant vehicle travel. It is particularly useful in lower density areas to provide first-last-mile options for pedestrian travel.

  • Build in measures that support changing mobility modes such as flexible curb lanes, communications infrastructure, geofencing and variable signs.
A photo of the autonomous VTA ride.
Autonomous Vehicle
A photo of a street  with a blocked off lane for pick-ups/drop-offs.
Pick-up | Drop-off Spaces for Car Share, Culver City, CA (Source: IBI Group)
A graphic showing a passenger's journey of microtransit. They book the trip online, get picked up by on-demand transit, share the ride with other passengers, transfer to mass transit, and arrives at destination.
On-Demand Transit
A graphic showing of a city block showing people, transit, and cars moving.
Smart Cities and Autonomous Vehicles

An aerial photo showing a transit center with buses and rail.
Accessible Path of Travel between Mobility Services and Transit - Milpitas Transit Center

Provide safe, accessible connections between accessible mobility services and transit, including accessible travel paths, clear signage, and guidance surface tiles.